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How To Use The Nominative Case In German?

How To Use The Nominative Case In German

German grammar can seem like a tangled forest, but fear not, language explorers! Today, we’ll blaze a trail through the nominative case, the foundation of German sentences and the star of the subject role. So, grab your Sprachgewehr (language weapon) – it’s time to conquer the nominativ!

What is the nominative case?

Imagine a sentence as a play. The nominative case in German is the spotlight shining on the actor who performs the main action. It’s the subject of the sentence, the doer of the verb. In German, nouns, pronouns, and adjectives associated with the subject wear the nominative case hat.

Let’s see it in action:

  • Der Hund bellt. (The dog barks.)
  • Sie schreibt einen Brief. (She writes a letter.)
  • Wir essen Apfelkuchen. (We eat apple cake.)

In each sentence, the highlighted words are in the nominative case because they are the subjects performing the actions.

Tips for using the nominative case:

  • Who or what does the verb act upon? That’s your nominative subject!
  • Look for the singular forms of articles: der, die, das, and ein, eine, kein.
  • Plural articles? Die and keine always point to the nominative plural.
  • Adjectives accompanying the subject? They wear the same nominative case hat as their noun buddy.


  • The nominative case is used not only for subjects but also for predicates with certain verbs like “sein” (to be) and “bleiben” (to remain).
  • Don’t confuse the nominative with the accusative case, which marks the direct object of the verb. The accusative often uses the article “den” for masculine singular nouns, while the nominative uses “der.”

Practice makes perfect!:

  1. Try identifying the nominative subjects in these sentences: “Die Kinder spielen im Park.” “Ich trinke Kaffee.” “Ihr lernt Deutsch.”
  2. Challenge yourself! Construct your own sentences using the nominative case. Remember, the subject is the star of the show!
  3. Don’t hesitate to seek help! Consult grammar books, online resources, or even a friendly German tutor to clear any doubts.

With a little practice and these helpful tips, you’ll be wielding the nominative case like a seasoned Sprachmeister in no time! Remember, language learning is a journey, not a sprint. So, be patient, embrace the stumbles, and celebrate your progress along the way. Viel Erfolg! (Good luck!)

Posted in Learning German

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